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BridgesCrownsDenturesExtractionsFillingsProphylaxis
Root CanalRoot Canal Video

Dr. Rosdahl provides comprehensive services, customized to each patient’s needs. As your dentist of choice, Dr. Rosdahl will explain treatment options so that you can make informed decisions.

We provide the following procedures at Dr. Rosdahl's office: Prophylaxis (Cleaning), Fillings, Root Canals, Crowns, Bridges, Extractions, Dentures, Cosmetic Dentistry, Teeth Whitening, Restorations of Implants, Periodontal Care, same day dental emergencies.

Dental Bridges

Dental Bridge otherwise known as a Fixed Partial denture comes under a branch of dentistry known as Prosthodontics. The major function of the Dental Bridge is to fill the gap between teeth generated due to the missing of one or more teeth. Here, a bridge is created of two crowns for the teeth on each side of the gap and the gap itself is filled by a false tooth/teeth.

The two teeth on the either side of the false teeth play the anchoring role and are termed as abutment teeth. The false teeth are known as pontics in dental terms. These false teeth (Pontics) are made from the materials like alloys, gold, porcelain or with a combination of all the materials. The dental bridges can get the necessary support with the help of natural teeth or by implants.

Why Dental Bridges?
There is immense number of benefits you can avail of, while going in for dental bridges. The major advantage of these bridges is that with the help of them you can easily restore your smile as well as personality. It is a fact that you will certainly feel uncomfortable while biting food, even if one tooth is missing. If you are missing multiple teeth, it becomes quite difficult for everyday activities such as eating or speaking. This problem can easily be sought out, with the help of bridges.

Types of Bridges
There are three main types of bridges available, which you can choose from. One of them is the traditional bridge, which is the most common amongst all the available bridges. It is manufactured with the help of porcelain, which is normally fused with any metal or ceramics.

The next important type includes cantilever bridges. These kinds of bridges are used only in special cases. They are applied, when there is the presence of adjacent teeth on one side of the missing tooth or teeth.

The last major type of bridge includes Maryland bonded bridge. They are also known as resin-bonded bridge. These bridges are normally made from plastic teeth and gums and are supported with the help of a metal framework. There are metal wings present on each side of the bridge, which make a link with the existing teeth for it’s proper fixation with the socket.

Dental Bridge Procedure
If you want to obtain a dental bridge, then you will be required to make visits to the dental clinic a few times. During the first visit to the clinic, Diagnosis and general evaluation is carried out to make sure dental bridge is the right treatment for you. Then abutment teeth are prepared according to the requirement of your bite. A specific portion of the enamel is removed so that the crown can be placed over the teeth. In the next step impressions of the teeth are taken, so that it can be taken as a model for the manufacturing of pontic, crowns and bridges in the dental laboratory. Your dentist will provide you a temporary bridge for the protection of exposed gums and teeth for some period of time.

In the next visit, the temporary bridge will be removed and a new permanent bridge will be located in the place, which can easily be adjusted according to the requirement of the patient. It will take around 2 weeks for permanent bridge to get cemented into its location. After that it can perform its function independently.

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Dental Crowns

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth – covering the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and/or to improve its appearance.

The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.

Why Is a Dental Crown Needed?
A dental crown may be needed in the following situations:

  1. To protect a weak tooth (for instance, from decay) from breaking or to hold together parts of a cracked toot
  2. To restore an already broken tooth or a tooth that has been severely worn dow
  3. To cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn't a lot of tooth lef
  4. To hold a dental bridge in plac
  5. To cover misshapened or severely discolored teet
  6. To cover a dental implant

What Types of Crowns Are Available?
Permanent crowns can be made from all metal, porcelain-fused-to-metal, all resin, or all ceramic.

  • Metals used in crowns include gold alloy, other alloys (for example, palladium) or a base-metal alloy (for example, nickel or chromium). Compared with other crown types, less tooth structure needs to be removed with metal crowns, and tooth wear to opposing teeth is kept to a minimum. Metal crowns withstand biting and chewing forces well and probably last the longest in terms of wear down. Also, metal crowns rarely chip or break. The metallic color is the main drawback. Metal crowns are a good choice for out-of-sight molars.
  • Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns can be color matched to your adjacent teeth (unlike the metallic crowns). However, more wearing to the opposing teeth occurs with this crown type compared with metal or resin crowns. The crown's porcelain portion can also chip or break off. Next to all-ceramic crowns, porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns look most like normal teeth. However, sometimes the metal underlying the crown's porcelain can show through as a dark line, especially at the gum line and even more so if your gums recede. These crowns can be a good choice for front or back teeth.
  • All-resin dental crowns are less expensive than other crown types. However, they wear down over time and are more prone to fractures than porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns.
  • All-ceramic or all-porcelain dental crowns provide the best natural color match than any other crown type and may be more suitable for people with metal allergies. However, they are not as strong as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and they wear down opposing teeth a little more than metal or resin crowns. All-ceramic crowns are a good choice for front teeth.
  • Temporary versus permanent. Temporary crowns can be made in your dentist's office whereas permanent crowns are made in a dental laboratory. Temporary crowns are made of acrylic or stainless steel and can be used as a temporary restoration until a permanent crown is constructed by the dental laboratory.

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Dentures

A conventional denture are made for the dental patient 6 to 8 weeks after the initial extraction of the teeth. They are fabricated when the immediate denture that was placed the day of the extractions no longer fits because the bone and tissues have changed shape after healing from the surgery. All dentures made after the initial, immediate denture, are considered conventional dentures.

Conventional dentures replace either the upper or lower teeth in the oral cavity.

A conventional denture are made for the dental patient 6 to 8 weeks after the initial extraction of the teeth. They are fabricated when the immediate denture that was placed the day of the extractions no longer fits because the bone and tissues have changed shape after healing from the surgery. All dentures made after the initial, immediate denture, are considered conventional dentures.

Conventional dentures replace either the upper or lower teeth in the oral cavity.

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Extractions

Why might a person require a tooth extraction?

There are a number of reasons why your dentist might recommend that you have a tooth, or even several teeth, extracted. Listed below are some of these reasons:

  1. A tooth extraction might be indicated if repairing a damaged tooth is not practical.
    • Broken, cracked, or extensively decayed teeth can be extraction candidates.
      Some teeth will have extensive decay (dental caries) or else will have broken or cracked in such an extreme manner that an extraction might be considered the best, or at least a reasonable, solution. Of course there will be a number of factors that will come into play with any specific situation. In some cases the obstacles that present themselves might be so formidable that a repair for the tooth is simply not possible. In other cases the cost of needed dental treatment or else a questionable long-term outlook for the success of the treatment may be the reason an extraction is chosen.
    • Teeth that are unsuitable candidates for root canal treatment should be extracted.
      Some teeth may require treatment of the nerve space that lies within them (root canal treatment) in order to make a repair. While most teeth typically are candidates for root canal treatment there can be complicating factors that remove this option. If this is the case and needed root canal treatment cannot be performed then the extraction of the tooth is indicated.
    • Teeth associated with advanced periodontal disease (gum disease) may need to be pulled.
      By definition, teeth that have experienced the effects of advanced periodontal disease (gum disease) are teeth whose supporting bone has been damaged. In general, as periodontal disease worsens, a tooth is supported by less and less surrounding bone, often to the point where the tooth becomes loose. In those cases where significant bone damage has occurred and a tooth has become excessively mobile extraction of the tooth may be the only option.

  2. Malpositioned or nonfunctional teeth may need to be extracted.
    Some teeth are extracted because they are malpositioned. As an example, sometimes when wisdom teeth come in they lie in a position that proves to be a constant source of irritation to the person's cheek (by either rubbing against the cheek or causing the person to bite it). As a solution, a dentist may suggest that the offending wisdom teeth should be extracted.

    Some teeth might be extracted because they provide very little service to the dental patient but do offer risk for becoming problematic. A common example is a wisdom tooth that has come in but has no matching tooth to bite against. Wisdom teeth are typically in a region of the mouth that is hard to clean, thus placing them and their neighboring tooth at greater risk for decay and periodontal disease. Depending on the precise circumstances that they find, a dentist may advise their patient that removing a nonfunctional tooth might be in that patient's best long-term interest in regards to maintaining good oral health.

    Impacted teeth are often extracted. Impacted teeth are teeth whose positioning in the jaw bone is such that they cannot erupt into normal alignment. So by definition, impacted teeth are malpositioned and because they are malpositioned they are often nonfunctional. This combination of factors makes impacted teeth common candidates for extraction.

  3. Tooth extractions may be required in preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces).

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Fillings

Dental fillings are metal amalgams or composite resins used to fill a cavity.

Purpose
Dentists use dental fillings to restore teeth damaged by dental caries (tooth decay). Dental caries are caused by microorganisms that convert sugars in food to acids which erode the enamel of a tooth, creating a hole or cavity. The dentist cleans out the decayed part of the tooth and fills the opening with an artificial material (a filling) to protect the tooth's structure and restore the appearance and utility of the tooth.

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Prophylaxis

A measure taken for the prevention of a disease or condition.
Dental prophylaxis consists of removing plaque and cleaning the teeth to prevent cavities and gum disease.

The word "prophylaxis" is from the Greek and means "an advance guard."

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Root Canal

What Happens During a Root Canal?

Bacteria in the Mouth
After eating, food particles and liquids that contain sugars and starches are left behind on the teeth. Bacteria that also exists in the mouth combines with the left-over substances and forms acids.

Effects of Acids on Tooth Enamel
The acid can eventually destroy the protective enamel covering on the teeth, causing holes or cavities, called tooth decay or caries. Tooth decay can lead to infection, causing pain and inflammation.

When Is a Root Canal Needed?
Beneath the enamel of the tooth is the dental pulp, soft tissue that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. Dental pulp extends from the crown of the tooth to the root. If decay from cavities reaches the dental pulp, a root canal is required.

What Happens During a Root Canal?
During root canal, the tooth and area around the tooth are anesthetized. A hole is then drilled into the tooth and the pulp tissue is removed from the tooth. The canals are then cleaned and filled with medicine. A permanent seal, or crown, is put in place over the tooth.

Risks of a Root Canal
There are several potential complications associated with this procedure that should be discussed with a doctor prior to surgery.

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Dr. Keith L. Rosdahl - Family Dentist
Serving Arizona - Prescott, Prescott Valley, Chino Valley